Get Your Assignments at the Best Prices NOW!!

Unit 3 Economics Assignment Level 5 GSM London

1972Downloads1 I Published: 22 May ,2020


The essay incorporates the various sources of greenhouse effect and static government measurement to reduce the same in Australia. The MLA has been taking initiative to reduce carbon emissions from ruminants who are though major source of food production in Australia. They contribute around 6 billion tons of greenhouses gases each year in Australia. The waste generated by ruminants produces methane and nitrous oxide which are the largest contributors for warming earth's surface. The essay will provide an overview about the livestock and its contribution towards greenhouse effect and efficiency of Australian market. It will incorporate policies and procedures to reduce gas emissions from livestock.

  • Offering the best assignment writing help
  • Delivering the orders as fast as possible
  • Providing maximum satisfaction at affordable rates
Call Now : +61 879 057 034

Australian livestock digestion contributes generously to greenhouse gas emissions. As Australia is amongst the second in exporting of wool and red meat they need to maintain livestock by feeding extensively providing tropical grasses and woodlands which are in abundance (Smith and, 2018). It has been estimated that livestock production is growing at a faster speed than agriculture thus producing more and more greenhouse gas. Methane and nitrous oxide is produced from livestock digestion system and has reached 50% of overall emissions in Australia.

It has been researched that total 80 Mt of methane is produced globally from ruminants both wild and domestic (Frappart and, 2018). Both methane and nitrous oxide represents a loss of energy and decrease of nitrogen capture for plant growth. CH4 or methane contributes to 11% of national greenhouse gas emissions in Australia which comes from beef, dairy cattle and sheep. The methane is produces in the rumen of these animals which is the first stomach of ruminants and helps in fermentation (Sankar and Methane plays a critical role in removing the hydrogen produced in microbial fermentation in the large fore-stomach (rumen) of these animals, allowing efficient digestion, growth and performance. MLA has been involved in reducing methane emission using government programs such as Carbon Farming Futures and RELR program.

Category of Livestock

Methane Emission (in Mt)

Beef Cattle




Dairy Cattle


Feedlot Cattle




The above table depicts various category of livestock and emission of Methane gas from their digestion process in Australia in the year 2008 (Frappart and, 2018).

It is estimated that the global production of meat and dairy products will increase by the end of 2020 enhancing consumption capacity of people in developing countries. The Australian livestock industry have a huge potential to enhance its operations so as to make profits but needs to take a strict control over controlling of harmful gases in the environment. The Australian government needs to take sustainable and environment production of meat and dairy products to decrease the essence of greenhouse effect (Sankar and, 2018).

(Source: Sankar and, 2018)

Australia has been amongst the highest producer of methane emission all over the globe. Thus it requires to form strategies in order to reduce carbon footprint so as to reduce methane and other harmful gas emission (Sergeev Sablon and Little, 2018). The graph depicts the increasing rate of emission with the changing years has increased in Australia as compared to other parts of the world. Australia has generated huge tonnes of red meat for all parts of the globe and thus contributed generously in the emission of harmful gases by the ruminants and their digestive process.

The use of red meat and cattle products in Australia has seen a major change in last few years which impact its overall equilibrium market efficiency. The cost-benefit analysis of Australian market weighs the consequences of carbon emissions and the cost related to stabilize its impact on the country. Policy needs to be formulated in order to bring benefits which are equal to the cost of damages that is avoided (Sankar and, 2018). Thus, an analysis of the effect of greenhouse gas emissions from livestock digestions on the economic efficient equilibrium of the market is carried out using Cost-Benefit model of economics. This model of economics will bring in equilibrium in the Australian market thereby imposing taxes on producers.

The Benefit cost analysis takes into two variables that is emission levels and social cost of carbon. The benefit is calculated on the basis of an equation which comprises of E1 and E2.

Benefit = (E1-E2)* SCC

Where, E1 stands for annual harmful gas emission in the era of no carbon tax

E2 stands for annual emission during last year


Emissions (in Mt)



















The table depicts various range of emissions in Australia during the period of no methane tax which was later levied in the year 2012-2013. This year has seen a lower emission of greenhouse gas as government has imposed taxes on harmful gases emissions by corporate sectors, agriculture and livestock farming. The below graph clearly shows the decrease in carbon footprint by Australia due to carbon taxes (Sergeev, Sablon and Little, 2018).







The another factor responsible for calculating cost benefit analysis is social cost of carbon. This factor converts the emissions into a monetary value (Smith and, 2018). Let us suppose the SCC for four years to be

Now to calculate the economic analysis in order to determine the benefits of carbon tax period. The E1-E2 as calculated be the year 2011-2012 has seen an emission of 559 with no methane tax and year 2013-2014 has seen harmful emission of 548 with methane tax on livestock producers which has a difference of 11 Mt of methane emission. Thus the benefits arises in the form of lower methane emission has impacted the equilibrium market of Australia.

SCC ($/ton)

Benefits (in million $)









An analysis needs to carry out to reduce carbon footprint by involving various strategies which will incorporate imposing taxes on livestock producers, bring in innovative technology and new production methods and lastly enhance consumption of artificial meat (Oreskes, 2018). All such changes incorporated by MLA has to be given a proper channel and ways to implement. The strategies will include

Herd management - To reduce methane emission the producers of livestock needs to manage animals by reducing unproductive and enhancing productive breeds. They should focus on health diet of animals and quality of food which will improve their rate of fertility and thus, reduce total rate of methane (Oreskes, 2018).

Managing diet and nutrition provided to animals - The quality of feed provide to livestock will help in quick digestion thereby controlling rate of methane emission which is usually produced by ruminants while digesting hard food. Another important aspect needs to be kept in mind is to improve the quality of forage provided to ruminants which should have high quantity of soluble carbohydrates and low fibre.

Animal breeding - Another strategy is animal breeding which should be incorporated in order to reduce emission of methane during livestock digestion. It is viral to select those genetic lines of cattle and sheep which has lower methane emissions. It depends on the grazing system of animals which should be checked and controlled by livestock management team.

Rumen manipulation - It implies to chemically reducing the microbial bacteria present in rumen of ruminants so as to reduce methane emission during digestion process. The research shows many reforms and new methods of implementing this system has gained importance in coming years. Many types of vaccines and other agents needs to be used by the producers of livestock so as to minimize the emission of harmful gases such as methane and nitrous oxide which impacts earth.

Another strategy which is incorporated by the MLA is the use of artificial meat or IVM so as to stop he emission of methane from beef cattle (Oreskes, 2018). A survey though conducted shows a clear willingness of people to introduce IVM as red meat is harmful for humans as well as for the planet Earth. Research are undertaken to make people aware about the harmful of red meat and various diseases associated with it.

If your dream is to get top grades, get a rewarding assignment service from us.

Brilliant Assignment Services
Toll Free: +61 879 057 034
Order Now »


The essay concludes the harmful effects of carbon, methane and nitrous oxide produced during managing livestock and other associated activities which is the main reason behind increasing greenhouse gas effect which in turn is warming the earth surface bringing in newer diseases. The economic equilibrium of Australia is impacted by the emerging emission of harmful gases through the livestock management and their digestion system. There are strategies which are formulated to reduce greenhouse gas effect from livestock production system. The Australian government needs to impose taxes on methane emission which will impact producers of livestock to react in a more environment friendly manner by using efficient ways to feed and mange livestock.


  • Frappart, S. and, 2018. Exploring French adolescents’ and adults’ comprehension of the greenhouse effect. Environmental Education Research. 24(3). pp.378-405.
  • Harris, S. E. and Gold, A. U., 2018. Learning molecular behaviour may improve student explanatory models of the greenhouse effect. Environmental Education Research. 24(5). pp.754-771.
  • Oreskes, N., 2018. Why believe a computer? Models, measures, and meaning in the natural world. In The Earth Around Us (pp. 70-82). Routledge.
  • Sankar, T. V. and, 2018. Reducing the Impacts of Greenhouse Gases. In Emerging Trends of Nanotechnology in Environment and Sustainability. Springer, Cham.
  • Sergeev, A., Sablon, K. and Little, J., 2018. Greenhouse Effect to Enhance Photovoltaic Conversion Efficiency above the Detailed Balance Limit. Bulletin of the American Physical Society.
  • Smith, K. L. and, 2018. No Surface Cooling over Antarctica from the Negative Greenhouse Effect Associated with Instantaneous Quadrupling of CO2 Concentrations. Journal of Climate. 31(1). pp.317-323.
Download Full Sample
Most Downloaded Samples
  • Unit 3 Economics For Business Level 6 Bucks University

    Type: Assignment I

    Published: 19 May ,2020 I


    INTRODUCTION Supply side policies are micro economic activities that generally aims for economic growth of the country. The main aim of this report is to assess the application of supply side policies that can help in facilitating economic growth of the country. The report then make comprehensive...ReadMore

    View or Download
  • Unit 2 Written Report Level 5 Higher National Certificate

    Type: Assignment I

    Published: 24 Apr ,2020 I


    Introduction Brexit define as such moment when British sign a contract for retrenching themselves to longer be a part of EU. This moment stroke most of the UK as well as EU economy in nature where vast range of business used to get impacted (Wright, W., 2016). Thus, this report will going to focus...ReadMore

    View or Download
  • Economics HND Diploma Business BTEC Level 5

    Type: Assignment I

    Published: 06 Apr ,2020 I


    Introduction In this report we would be calculating some fundamentals of economics like that of Total cost and average cost of a firm. This would also be including the part of rate of excise on the tobacco products especially like that of cigarettes in Australia as their government has decided to...ReadMore

    View or Download
  • Animal Production

    Type: Assignment I

    Published: 23 Oct ,2019 I


    Overview of the primary external forces The primary external factors to Banham Poultry Limited include several factors that are domestic and global both at times. As the organization is a poultry firm that raises poultry, many of the external influences affect directly its market and are reasons...ReadMore

    View or Download
  • Should the NHS charge for treatments

    Type: Assignment I

    Published: 22 Apr ,2019 I


    Introduction NHS (National health services) is a department of health where treatment is given free to the citizens of the UK. At present NHS is not charging any money from the people. In this essay, the main highlight is on giving free treatment to the people is suitable or not. The main services...ReadMore

    View or Download
Avail Professional Academic Writing Help

If the samples impressed you and you want to place an order with us just submit your queries with us and place your order.

Chat With Expert
Our Salient Features
  • Original Documents
  • Pocket Friendly Services
  • Money Back Guarantee
  • Rigorously Checked Documents
  • Delivery on Promised Date
  • Round the Clock Availability
View All Features
Our Experts
  • Hire HRM Assignment Writer

    Terry Oar My experience in Human Resource Management has all Hire Me

  • Jason Meredith-Chartered Accountants

    Jason Meredith I have ample experience in writing effective acade Hire Me

  • Ryan Gowan- Fashion and Textiles Writers

    Ryan Gowan The students normally face issues with the academi Hire Me

Don't Miss Our Special Offers
Free Inquiry
IAH AU whatsapp