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MOD003337 Business Strategy Game Level 6

646 Downloads1 I Published: 29 Jan ,2020

Introduction

Business strategy relates to collection of functions or systematic set of business decisions that aid entrepreneurs and managing personnel in attaining particular business goals and objectives. It's like a master plan which is used by managers within corporation to safeguard the competitive position in industry. In is also a long-range portrait of organization's expected image, business directions and targets. Business strategy provides an interconnected framework for upper management to explore, analyze and utilize advantageous possibilities, to certainty and address possible threats, to render optimal use of funds and capabilities, to counterbalance weaknesses (Brynjolfsson and Mcafee, 2017). The London-based company named “A Moonwalk” wants to understand the universal applicability of the numerous organizational frameworks required to support business strategy. The report contains the requisite detailed business data/information during corporate strategic planning phase. The study explains and evaluates key strategic decisions made under BSG simulation. Study also contains application and analysis of various supportive strategic and managerial models, different concerned concepts and ideas that are directly linked with strategic approaches.

Business-Strategy Game is widely used computerized simulation associated with both strategical management area and applied across the globe in different educational organizations. Here students create corporations and run them by BSG through different stages which also includes analysis of business performance and developing strategies to improve performance of business.

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Vision and Mission Statements plus corporate objectives:

A Moonwalk is a company which is operating in Footwear Industry. Company has 2ndrank in industry scoreboard of year 2016. Company is well established and has a good brand value. Company has wider range of footwear and selling at wholesale price to different retailers and exclusive outlets. Company empathizes on providing premium quality and innovative products. With ever-evolving sports and casual footwear, wearing apparels and other accessories over the decades, A Moonwalk's mission as well as vision statements have progressively changed, which has been extremely influential in safeguarding the corporation's leadership role in current markets. In fact, Moonwalk's managerial approaches are highly valued for their ability to keep company on its best at all times irrespective of the nature of market/industry forces, something which Moonwalk credits its unique mission and vision statements for. Ideally, a corporation's mission statement is a description of business's primary goals to be implemented to stimulate its growth. In this context following are the vision and mission statements of company, as follows:

Mission Statement:

Moonwalk's mission-statement is “The Group endeavor to be world-wide leader in sports footwear sector products with brand name made-up on passionate attitude for sporting activities and sports life-style. We are dedicated to strengthening company's unique quality brands and sports products to improvise overall competitive position.” This statement emphasizes on unbounded capability of corporation to offer best and premium products for sportsmen and athletes with aim to strengthen their operating performance.

Vision Statement:

Moonwalk's vision statement is “To become designing leaders with concentration on getting super out of athletes and sportsmen with guaranteed performance quality products in sporting industry at international level.” Vision statement may be drawn through current operations and corporation all time priorities. It primarily focuses on creativeness which features Moonwalk and devising it top-quality and selling brand among different best-players.

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Situational Analysis:

Situation analysis relates set of different methods which are generally utilized by managing personnel to evaluate corporation's internal as well as external business environment with aim to understand corporation's key capabilities, types of customers and entire business environment (Bücker and Korzilius, 2015). This mainly includes macroeconomic analysis and industry or sector analysis, as describes below:

Macroeconomic Analysis:

It also recognized as environmental scanning which mainly covers macro or external factors that affects corporation's performance. Macroeconomic analysis involves methods which help to analyze economical trends, macroeconomics long-run projections, evaluation of alternative different trends, possible impacts of financial measures etc. This models act as basic element of analysis of macro variables. It also help to take strategic decisions and formulation of business strategies (Geissdoerfer, Bocken and Hultink, 2016). In this context for conducting macroeconomic analysis of Moonwalk, PESTLE model is applied:

PESTLE Model:

A PESTEL analysis (formerly recognized as PEST analysis) is indeed a mechanism or method used to analyze and track macro-environmental factors and variables that can have a profound impacts on organizational performance (Hamada, Kaneko and Hiji, 2017). PESTEL is stand for: Political Factors, Economical Factors, Social Factors, Technological Factors, Environmental Factors and Legal Variables. In this regard following is PESTLE Analysis of respective company, as follows:

Political Factors: Moonwalkmanufactures, operates, and distributes its goods throughout the globe. It allows them to expand global supply chains while selling products online and to follow diplomatic procedures. Politic forces are also used by the organization as a means of counterfeit goods interference. Every nation abides by its own tax structure. For each selling and distribution of each brand overseas, Moonwalk is needed to comply with these regulations. The business prefers to delegate their product development to nations in third world. Further, Moonwalk must follow below listed laws:

  • Labor laws
  • Product-safety laws
  • International-trade agreements
  • Consumer safety-product regulations

Economical Factor: The 50 biggest firms contribute approximately 70 percent of industry's sales. Moonwalk is one such organization. Products of Moonwalk are belongs to “leisure products or items” which means that these are not essential or necessity products. Prices are driven by the trends and desires of customers (Johnson, 2016). In Asia-Pacific market segment company's revenue is minimum as compere to other geographical segments which is mainly due to considerable impact of impact of global crisis on Asia. Also exchange rate fluctuation can impact company's profit margins while selling products globally.

Social Factor:Moonwalk modifies designs of its footwear products. Designs which match with interests of different consumers. For any group of age, sex or lifestyle, items are frequently accessible. Nevertheless, their main focus group is consumers who are ready to pay for premium products. Company also offering corporations voluntary programs. Company dedicated to support different communities and groups. Moonwalk also supports sports and fashion events, that allow them to leveraging merchandising opportunities and cover new customer segments.

Technological Factors: Moonwalk testing their footwear products under numerous possible conditions in order to provide quality and durable footwear products. Also using technologies which help them to design products while considering different issues of customers. As ignorance of technological up-gradation in business can lead to decline in sales graph and even can put question on survival of company in industry.

Legal Factors: Moonwalk has possession of different intellectual properties and rights. Company also registered various design patents which help it to defend their rights against infringement/copiers and duplication of products. Patents also offers legal protection against counterfeit businesses. Company is conscious about different legal complexities in business at international level. Also company has made adequate arrangements to void any legal factor's complexities in business (Lu, 2018).

Industry and Sector Analysis

Sector analysis is systematic evaluation of economical and fiscal status and potentials of specific sector in an economy. It serves to support an investor in taking decision about how effectively corporations are expected to perform in sector. This analysis includes some models and methods which determine company's status in relevant industry like Porter’s Five Forces & Generic Strategy. Following is industry analysis of respective company, as follows

Porter's Five Forces Model:

It is a strategical managerial model that aid in determining competitive landscape of corporation in industry. Each mentioned five forces in this strategic model along with strengths assist strategical planners to recognize possible opportunities in industry. The characteristics of these powers/forces vary from sector to sector, meaning that in terms of competitiveness and operations, each industry is unique (Meyer and Peng, 2016). These are crucial Porter’s five forces, as follows:

Threats from New Entrants:

Performance scale is reasonably hard to accomplish in industry in which Moonwalk is operating. It make simpler for those corporations who trading at large capacities to attain cost advantages which also makes costlier to operate business for fresh entrants. Capital requirements in the sector are higher, making it hard for new companies to established companies as it is important to pay high expenses. Due to increased research costs, capital spending are also huge. all of such things make this sector's risk to new participants a poorer force.

Bargaining Powers of different Suppliers:

No. of different suppliers in this industry are much more as compared to buyers. It means that provides/suppliers have lower controlling over product's prices and it makes negotiation powers of suppliers a weak-force. The product provided by these provider/suppliers is relatively standardized, less distinguished and has low swapping costs (Michael-Tsabari and Weiss, 2015). This renders switching suppliers simpler for buyers such as Moonwalk. Suppliers don't offer a credible threat for further forward integrating into industry where Moonwalk is operating.

Bargaining Power of different Buyers:

Product differentiation in this industry is higher, that implies that buyers aren't able to recognize alternative corporation manufacturing any particular item. The quality footwear products is crucial aspect for buyers, and also buyers here makes regular purchases. It means that buyers in such industry are less-price sensitive. So this force is not much affecting business of company.

Threat from Substitute Products or Services:

Company is providing all types of footwear products along with premium quality. There are few substitutes are available in industry but company's brand value is unaffected by substitute products as company has loyal customer group which prefer to buy quality products and are less-price sensitive (Petrucelli, 2017).

Rivalry Among Current/Existing business players:

As company famous in segment of premium quality and durable footwear products so there are very few competitors in this segment. Also company is not affected by local brands. Although to competitor like SMOOTH STEPS Ltd and Prime Walk are giving tough competition in industry. Smooth Steps Ltd has 1strank in year 2016's scoreboard while Prime Walk is also trying top beet company. Moonwalk now required to emphases on differentiation of company's products in order to minimize the impacts of its competitor's actions on customers who are seeking for unique range of products.

Porters Generic Strategies Model:

Moonwalk's strategies generally follows this model which preliminary focuses on cost of products and differentiating products and items in different manners. Under this model in respective company's context following strategies are proposed by porter, as described below:

Cost Leadership Strategy: Moonwalk can apply this strategy as it is beneficial for corporation as the products price are bit-higher as compere to other brands. So in case price of Moonwalk's products are decreased, then there may be an opportunity for corporation to attract more consumers (Ramírez and Selsky, 2016).

Differentiation strategy:

This strategy also fit for Moonwalk to improve its market share as company has lot of benefits due to technological development. As Moonwalk is already selling its products through e-commerce segment and customers here can design own items/products over internet platforms, product managers can easily conduct lot of researches with new-designs and launch them into market.

Focus Strategy:

Under this strategy, Moonwalk should also focus towards price sensitive customers by providing a different range items with lower prices. By implementing this action company can enhance their market share in industry. Also, there are several adverse effects for such strategy as due to coverage of price sensitive customer group company may loss its existing customers who are ready to pay company's logo and unique quality (Velu, 2016).

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Internal Analysis

This analysis mainly covers corporation's internal aspects like capabilities, internal strengths, disabilities and weaknesses. It provides true picture about company's efficiency to survive in industry. This analysis also includes different models which help management to assess and identify the impacts of internal factors on organization. In this context following is internal analysis of Moonwalk through different models, as follows:

McKinsey 7S Framework Model:

It is a model which aid in analyzing strategical alignment of corporation. Here in this model different seven aspects are systems, strategy, shared values, structure, style, skills, and staff (Whitaker, 2017). Use of this framework to Moonwalk's operations uncovers following things about different operations of corporation, as follows:

Strategy

Moonwalk's fundamental strategy or approach is marketing itself as best producer all range of footwear along with premium quality. It help company to gain competitive advantages and enhance brand value.

Structure

The corporation operates though centralized mechanism. Which allow company to effectively track and monitor entire supply chain. Also its world-wide outlets are controlled though this structure which aid in establishing proper control over sells, supply and demand of products in specific location.

System

Moonwalk has a well-developed business and trade system which contributes in value creation.

Shared Values

Values adopted by Moonwalk involve a commitment towards product quality, and emphasises on client's needs. Moonwalk understands its all types of customers and wish to develop them centralised part of overall operations (Trigeorgis and Reuer, 2017).

Skills

Moonwalk has large no. of skilled and professional personnel at different ranks, which is a significant strength of company.

Style

Company's style itself as an premium footwear corporation. Company is famous for unique and stylish footwear range for all age group.

Staff

Company’s staff includes workers, designers, engineers and other administration and finance division employees who are working at different geographical location for company.

Telescopic Observation model:

 

Technological Advancements

Economical Factors

legal and Regulatory Requirements

competition

Organisational Culture

Staff

Management

Brand Image

Cost Structure

Strenghts

X

 

X

 

X

 

X

 

X

Weaknesses

                 

Opportinites

 

X

     

X

 

X

 

Threats

     

X

         

Performance analysis: financing of company operations:

EPS Growth: As per analysis of Moonwalk's performance in terms of EPS growth through BSG online portal it has been analyzed that Company's EPS in year 2011 was 2.10 which was further increased to 4.61 in year 2012, 6.98 in year 2013, 6.77 in year 2014, 7.51 in year 2015 and 12.72 in year 2016, which shows that company's capabilities to generate earnings on each share has been increased. Overall growth in EPS from 2011 to 2016 is 505.71%, however company has not reported highest EPS score in any year yet. Although company's EPS is second highest in industry.

Return on Equity:This measure reflects company's efficiency to provide returns on equity employed. In year 2016, company's ROE was 34.5% which was 18.2% in year 2011. Also company has reported ROE of 30.9% in year 2012, 34.1% in year 2013, 25.5% in year 2014 and 23.7% in year 2015. Overall figures of ROE on Moonwalk shows that after year 2013 company's ROE has been declined in year 2014 and 2015 continuously which was further improved in year 2016 (2ndHighest in Industry). Such scenario shows that company has improved their efficiency to generate returns on employed equity.

Credit Rating: Company's credit rating in year 2011 was “ B + ”which further changed to “ B ”in year 2012, “ A ” in year 2013, “ A +” in year 2014, “ A” in year 2015 and “ A + ” in year 2016. Which indicates that company's rating has been declines in year 2012, 2013 and 2015 but company has achieved again A + credit rating in year 2016. It points out that company has good liquidity position and image in financial market. Due to this credit rating company can easily get loans from banking and financial institutions.

Image Rating: Company Moonwalk has scored image rating of 100 in year 2016 and year 2015 which is also highest in industry. Also in year 2014 company has archived this benchmark with 99 image rating. Company's image rating in year 2011 was 74, in year 2012 was 89 and in year 2013 it was reached to 98. Which indicates that brand image of company is continuously increasing and expected to remain growth in coming years.

Stock Price: Company's stock price is second highest in relevant industry.CompanyMoonwalk's stock price was just $ 20.03 per share in year 2011 which was reached to $ 326.43 per share year 2016. Company's stock price was 99.80, 184.16, 149.19 and 158.00 in year 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015 respectively. Overall growth percentage of stock price form 2012 to 2016 is 1529.70 % which indicates company's wealth generation capacities are increasing continuously and as per past trends it is expected to remain continue in coming periods.

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Corporate Social Responsibility and Citizenship:

Company Moonwalk is continuously contributing funds towards CSR and Citizenship areas. Company has won 1stand 2ndrank corporate responsibility award during year 2014 and 2015 respectively which shows that company is also ware about social and environmental responsibilities. In year 2016 company has made $21,696,000of CRS and citizenship expenditure which is significant part in overall industry. Company's this attitude towards this areas is also main reason of increasing brand value in industry (Zhao and et. al., 2016).

Conclusion

From above study it has been articulated that determining business strategy is crucial for attaining long term goals, mission and company's vision. In this process analysis of macro-environmental as well as micro variables is significant to assess organization's actual and overall performance within specific industry. For this different models are applied by managers and analysts, each such model covers different aspects of company's performance.

References

Books and Journals:

  • Brynjolfsson, E. and Mcafee, A.N.D.R.E.W., 2017. The business of artificial intelligence.Harvard Business Review.
  • Bücker, J. J. and Korzilius, H., 2015. Developing cultural intelligence: assessing the effect of the Ecotonos cultural simulation game for international business students.The International Journal of Human Resource Management. 26(15). pp.1995-2014.
  • Geissdoerfer, M., Bocken, N. M. and Hultink, E. J., 2016. Design thinking to enhance the sustainable business modelling process–A workshop based on a value mapping process.Journal of Cleaner Production.135. pp.1218-1232.
  • Hamada, R., Kaneko, T. and Hiji, M., 2017, July. Development of BASE Manufacturing Business Board Game. InInternational Simulation and Gaming Association Conference(pp. 34-40). Springer, Cham.
  • Johnson, G., 2016.Exploring strategy: text and cases. Pearson Education.
  • Lu, C. X., 2018. Game of Transparency: The Role of Local Communities in Corporate Disclosure Strategy.Available at SSRN 3166859.
  • Meyer, K. E. and Peng, M. W., 2016. Theoretical foundations of emerging economy business research.Journal of International Business Studies.47(1). pp.3-22.
  • Michael-Tsabari, N. and Weiss, D., 2015. Communication traps: Applying game theory to succession in family firms.Family Business Review. 28(1). pp.26-40.
  • Petrucelli, T., 2017. Winning the “cat-and-mouse game” of retaining millennial talent.Strategic HR Review. 16(1). pp.42-44.
  • Ramírez, R. and Selsky, J. W., 2016. Strategic planning in turbulent environments: A social ecology approach to scenarios.Long Range Planning. 49(1). pp.90-102.
  • Trigeorgis, L. and Reuer, J. J., 2017. Real options theory in strategic management.Strategic Management Journal. 38(1). pp.42-63.
  • Velu, C., 2016. Evolutionary or revolutionary business model innovation through coopetition? The role of dominance in network markets.Industrial Marketing Management,53, pp.124-135.
  • Whitaker, J., 2017. Developing A Consumer Service-Case Study: The Film and Game Rental Industry of Finland.
  • Zhao, R. and et. al., 2016. For the sustainable performance of the carbon reduction labeling policies under an evolutionary game simulation.Technological Forecasting and Social Change.112. pp.262-274.
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