Role of Leader
In the recent times, it has been observed that one of the most significant and crucial responsibility of leader is to create vision and strategy so that organization can make every possible effort for the purpose of meeting them in stipulated period of time. They are liable for this because of the reason that they pose adequate knowledge to frame tactics and vision as per capability of employees as well as business enterprise. In the similar manner, they are liable for developing appropriate structure for the company in accordance with its policies and procedures so that they will be able to attain their organizational aims and objectives with utmost effectiveness and efficiency. In addition to this, they are highly held liable for developing as well as continue and maintain the culture prevailing in business enterprise and carry out entire course of communication internally along with externally (Johansen, 2012).
Leaders develops team understanding of its shared purpose and organizational direction by means of providing meaning as well as purpose and at the same point of time providing inspiration to shared vision. Along with this, it is their first and foremost duty and responsibility to communicate each and every strategies and objectives to every single employee working in the organization and at the same point of time provides line of approaching by means of which they does not pose any sort of difficulty while carrying out their set of work. They look after organizational behavior management so that they can adopt necessary measures for improving the same (Humbert and Drew, 2010).
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In order to become successful leader, it is very necessary on their part to have adequate amount of knowledge as well as skills so that they can work honestly and diligently while achieving goals of organization. They need to have adequate knowledge regarding entire functioning of business enterprise as well as employees so that on the basis of that they can develop suitable culture at workplace. They need to have clear vision and have good confidence level so that they can easily handle most complex set of situations. In the similar manner, they know how to control ever increasing level of stress prevailing among existing workforce due to work pressure so that work can be done effectively. They should be decisive and accept criticism readily. Apart from this, communicational and motivational skills need to be possessed by them so that employees can be guided in right set of direction (Palestini, 2011).
The role of leader is very important in maintaining integrity, fairness as well as consistency in course of action planning and decision making. This is due to the fact that if the leader will be honest and truthful for his work than it will enhance brand image of organization at the market place. Likewise, by means of treating every employee equally and maintaining steadiness at entire course of action than it will automatically lay positive effect on the motivational level and culture of business enterprise. Employees will feel inspired and honestly while carrying out their work. With the help of this they will stick to their value and beliefs and perform honestly as a result to which organizational will get benefitted in long run (Moore, 2007).
The role of leader is quite different from that of the manager, this is because of the reason that role of leader is confined to managing entire team and looking after their work and provides direction for them in its accomplishment. On the other hand, role of manager takes place at quite wide level as they have to look after the working of entire business enterprise including working of leaders as well. It is their sole responsibility to monitor performance and problems occurring at all levels of management and accordingly provides solution for same. There exits wide range of difference between leadership and management (Tohidinia and Mosakhani, 2010). Management comprises of day to day routine set of activities and operations, along with this they has to organize entire course of actions which will take place within organization and to provide necessary resources so that work can be carried out effectively and efficiently. In addition to this, management keeps a strict check on the performance of employees by monitoring them and takes necessary steps in order to rectify the mistakes. Formulation of policies and procedures takes place on the side of administration of business enterprise. While on the contrary, leadership is the part of management which varies to certain degree depending on work. They are more strategic in nature and takes long term view for guiding employee to perform better (Lieberman, 2014).
There are range of leadership styles are present by means of adapting them various opportunities for the leader takes place. In this context, situational leadership style is the one in which there exist no single best style of leadership. This implies leader can adopt leadership style based on the situation or circumstances prevailing at workplace. Effective leadership differs on the basis of person or group as well as depends on task, job or function which needs to be carried out. While, transformational leadership aims at improving the level of motivation, morale along with job performance of employees by means of various types of mechanisms (Mumford and Gibson, 2011). This comprises of installing a connection between employees sense of identity and collective identity of a business enterprise. In this regard, there are various leadership styles that can be adopted by leader for generating favorable and desired outcomes. Some of them are enumerated as under:
Autocratic style of leadership: In this type of management style, decision making takes place by top officials or business head. It is one of the most prevalent styles in which top level of management are held responsible for activities related to decision making. In this course of action employees are not all involved and little or no input has been taken from the side of subordinates (Pauleen, 2003).
Democratic style of leadership: It is also known as participative style of leadership, this is due to the fact that employees are being involved in the process of decision making by means of which collective decision are taken for the betterment of business enterprise. This method proves advantageous at the time when complex set of decisions are need to be taken which might require a range of specialist skills. This leadership style enhances motivational level of employees and eradicates chances of resistance to change among workforce (Johans