Search

Financial Requirement of Belgravia Hotel

University: UK College of Business and Computing

  • Unit No: 12
  • Level: Undergraduate/College
  • Pages: 15 / Words 3000
  • Paper Type: Assignment
  • Course Code:

    L/508/9656

  • Downloads: 0
Answer :

INTRODUCTION

Finance is very important in every industry especially in service sector and in the business of hospitality it has a lead role in creating revenue. In the present report there is brief discussion about Belgravia Hotel and its sources of finance which are available to business and industries with the major contribution of different methods for generating income. The business has been understood with the perspective of different elements of cost and methods for controlling cash and stock in the business. The report is giving discussion about various sources and structure of trial balance with the proper evaluation of business accounts, notes and its adjustments. Along with this, objective of budgetary control and its variances are elaborated. Ratio analysis is the best possible way for analyzing the financial performance of the organization and even the concept of marginal costing has been applied.

ASSIGNMENT HELP AU We Aim At:
  • Offering the best assignment writing help
  • Delivering the orders as fast as possible
  • Providing maximum satisfaction at affordable rates
Call Now : +61 363 612 345

TASK 1

P1.1 Sources of funds which are available to service and business industry

For pertaining the financial requirement of business, there are different sources which are available and they are classified in two categories that is internal sources of finance and external sources of finance. Both the sources of funds are giving great advantage for accomplishing the Belgravia hotel's capital requirement. In the same series internal sources are:

  • Operating activities: It consists of various operational efforts like manufacturing the products and services and how they are deal in the market. In the industry of hospitality it is the most important aspect related to market and they have to work on the services related to sale among each and every customers. The margin which is generated while serving consumers it will be giving huge advantage for achieving satisfied amount of profit (Quintana-García, Marchante-Lara and Benavides-Chicón, 2018).
  • Owner's equity: It is considered as a very satisfactory and convenient source of financing as it is not required for drafting return in capital which has been generated. The partners and business owners of the organization will uplift all the personal savings related to business operations which are very effective and initial source for collecting amount of finance in every activity. The Belgravia hotel will be leading great growth in capital structure if savings of owners and directors will be used in operational practices.

External sources of finance

  • Shareholder's equity : There funds helps the business for selling the equity ownership of business in the present market. It has been recommended that Belgravia hotel should perform the specific disclosure of the financial data base of their own organization which will be attracting all the investors for pertaining interest to invest in their equity. They may draft attractive dividend policies which will satisfy the investors for making trust and loyalty with the perspective of business.
  • Bank loan : It is refereed as borrowings which can be granted through several financial institutions and banks against any assets or property of the organization. In the present era, Belgravia hotel will gain specific amount of loans from financial institution and how the interest payment will be paid at which duration.

P1.2 Contribution towards different methods of income generation

For attaining the activities related to business in that manner then sources of income will be very beneficial to Belgravia hotels. There is need of sources of funds because they help in earning extra income and it might be generated in the best possible way. The best quality of food has been given by hotel in very effective manner and along with this, rooms with high end for enhancing the satisfaction of customer very effectually (Denizci Guillet and Mohammed, 2015). Their income will be enhanced and even sales will be maximised by giving various offers which attracts the consumers in the best possible manner and along with this, discounts will be super advantage to consumer. These both factors are mailed to each and every customer in very effective manner. The consumers will be given new offers and technology has also helped the industry for performing business in innovative way. The promotional tool is also implied that is contests, social media and networking websites are also giving advantage for generating income with so much ease.

TASK 2

P2.1 Explaining the elements of cost, gross profit percentage and selling prices for goods and services

The Belgravia hotel incurs different cost like labour, material and overheads for setting up the selling price of the goods in very effective manner. The main cost of hotel is considered as material cost that is ingredients which are applied in flour for making bread. On its contrary wages, salaries and bonus are considered as labour cost. There is presence of indirect expenditure as depreciation and in same series different overheads are marketing, maintenance cost and administrative cost. By taking aggregate of all these costs, total cost has been calculated.

Along with all these costs, fixed expenditure and variable expenditure is also accounted. The expenses which are incurred without considering sales which are attained in desired aspect. In other words it can be justified that organization should incur the cost without observing margins which has been gained (Cohen and Olsen, 2013). Variable expenditure leads to production level which says that expenses can be decreased if there will be less volume of production. Just a hypothetical example is undertaken that,

Purchase price

80

Kitchen percentage

160

gross profit

80

Gross profit percentage

50

Selling profit

130

Interpretation: Purchase price is 80 with the percentage of kitchen is 160 and considering both gross profit will be evaluated (160-80). The gross profit will be transformed in percentage by taking product of gross profit to 100 / kitchen percentage and it gives the outcome as 50. For attaining the selling price the amount of purchase price and gross profit percentage has been aggregated (80+50) as 130.

P2.2 Assessing methods of controlling stock and cash

The methods of controlling stock are listed below-

  1. Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) -

The EOQ is termed as a model which is used to order inventory as per optimum order size given by this method in effective manner. Mainly, costs of EOQ are ordering and holding costs which are taken into consideration and as such, economic quantity is purchased without involving any spoilage in the best possible manner. This method help to control upon wastage that might occur when more quantity is ordered (Stock control and inventory.2017). Hence, it is useful technique for organization.

  1. Just in time (JIT) approach-

JIT approach is used to minimise inventory expenses and to maximise efficiency. This method is quite helpful as waste is decreased by receiving only those items which are needed in manufacturing process. Hereby, no spoilage or wastage is occurred as goods are needed on time when actual requirement prevails. Hence, it is adequate method for controlling stock.

Methods of controlling cash are listed below-

  1. Balancing-

The transactions that occurs on day-to-day basis in Belgravia Hotels should be accounted for so that transparency and accuracy may be maintained. It is particularly required as when cash is withdrawn, then entry should be made in accounting books and when cash receipt is there, entry should be made accordingly (Liu and Pennington-Gray, 2015). Thus, balancing will help business to effectively control cash.

  1. Reconcile-

The balances occurred in the bank passbook and in accounting records of the entity should be accounted for on monthly basis. It is required so that differences may be rectified in both records.

TASK 3

P3.1 3.2 Assessing structure of trial balance and evaluating business accounts

The trial balance is one of the important statement in financial accounting which is done to examine any arithmetical errors in accounting records of organization. In simpler words, trial balance judges records entered in journal and entries posted in general ledger and as such, mathematical errors if any can be easily extracted with the help of preparing such statements. Hence, accuracy of transactions may be attained in the best possible manner and thus, final accounts can be prepared quite effectually. Thus, preparation of trial balance help to remove errors in effective way and organization can produce financial statements quite effectively. The sources of trial balance are discussed below-

  • Non-current assets are Equipment at cost, motor vehicles at cost
  • Current assets are inventory, trade receivables, bank, prepayment (rent)
  • Non-current liabilities are Long-term loan 7 %
  • Current liabilities are Trade payables, accrued interest and accrual telephone

P3.3 3.4 Discussing purpose and process of budgetary control in the firm and analysing budgetary variances

The budget is termed as financial goal which is to be attained by organization so that it may be able to earn profits by incurring necessary expenditures in the best possible manner (Singal, 2014). It is clarified from the fact that Belgravia Hotels is required to effectively prepare budgets as it will help to gain useful insight regarding future expenses that are required to be incurred and profits will be made by incurring such expenditures in effectual way. This is essentially required so that business may anticipate income that will be generated from the expenditures that will be made and as such, performance can be enhanced in a better way by taking into account future aspects of company's operations quite effectually. In relation to this, budgetary control is used when for a particular year, budget is already prepared and as such, comparison can be made with much ease. In addressing this, comparison means that planned performance is compared with that of actual performance in order to analyse deviations if any between these two quite effectively. The main purpose of budgetary control is to assess variances that occurs in planned and actual output. It is done so that firm may be able to take corrective action to remove such deviations and improvement can be done.

The budgetary control is used to assess deviations and thus, business performance can be strengthened in the best possible manner. This is essentially required so that results may be attained in relation to the expected income to be earned and expenditures to be incurred quite effectually. Thus, Belgravia Hotels will be able to effectively utilised budgetary control by which it may improve upon performance with much ease. Hence, purpose of this technique is to effectively analyse variances and as such, improvement can be done with the help of taking corrective action quite effectively (Kallmuenzer and Peters, 2018). In relation to this, process of budgetary control is explained below-

Budget Committee- The decisions are assessed and made which are anticipated by company that need to be made so that stated objectives can be attained quite effectually. In simpler words, decisions are taken with main aspect of demand and need raised by various departments of firm. This is essentially required so that departments may perform well. Thus, in order to attain this, budget committee is formed in effective way.

Budget Centres- In this process of budgetary control, costs are allocated to various departments or units so that they may be able to achieve tasks with much ease. The centre is termed as a unit and as such, costs are controlled in a better way. Thus, allocation of funds are made to units by which operational activities can be accomplished by them.

Budget manuals- In respect to this, roles and responsibilities are provided with the help of budget manual and as such, business is able to impart duties to the personnels. Moreover, relationship between various personnels are also clarified in budget manual and thus, control can be initiated to further stage.

Budget Officer appointed- At this stage, budget officer is appointed by Chief Executive Officer (CEO) so that budget may be scrutinized in a better way (Kasemsap and et.al, 2018). The officer scrutinizes budget prepared by executives for initiating improvement in the best possible manner. Thus, business is able to clarify modifications to be made in budget so that variances can be eradicated and improvement may be done quite effectually.

Budget Period- It is one of the important element as usually budget is prepared for specific time of one year. This is done so that operational tasks can be performed in a better way by assessing requirements of firm. On the other hand, period is also dependent upon numerous aspects prevailing in particular industry.

Analysing key factor- This is the last process of budgetary control which is used to analyse any key element that might affect Belgravia Hotels in the future course of action. The key factor need to be analysed by which firm may be able to take corrective action for improvement quite effectually.

Budget variances for Belgravia Hotels

Particulars

Budgeted

Actual

Hotel customers

20000

15000

 

£0.00

£0.00

Revenue

2000

1700

Cost of revenue

1500

1390

Gross Profit

500

310

Expense of administration

200

210

Selling expenses

150

90

The budget variances are carried out which clearly indicates variances between actual and planned activities. These are calculated below from the above table-

  1. Revenue = Actual revenue – Planned revenue

= 1700 – 2000

= -300

  1. Cost of revenue = Actual cost – Planned cost

= 1390 - 1500

= -110

  1. Gross profit = Actual profit – Budgeted profit

= 310 - 500

= -190

  1. Expenses of administration = Actual cost – Planned cost

= 210 – 200

= 10

  1. Selling expenses = Actual expenses – Planned expenses

= 150 - 90

= 60

The above calculated variances shows that firm needs to improve upon earnings capacity so that it may be able to attain sales in a better way. This is essentially required as more profits can be attained. It is evident from the revenue figure that the same is unfavourable because actual revenue is less than planned one (Lado-Sestayo and et.al, 2016). Moreover, expenditures of selling and administration are quite more. Thus, it is required that firm should initiate control upon expenses so that profits may be maximised up to a high extent.

TASK 4

P4.1 Calculation of financial ratios for the organization

Particulars

Formula

2017

2016

Gross profit ratio

Gross profit / Turnover * 100

59.00%

18.00%

Net profit ratio

Net profit / Turnover * 100

54.00%

14.00%

ROCE

Net Profit / Capital Employed

8.00%

2.00%

P4.2 Recommendation for future management strategies to improve performance of organization

The profitability ratios are calculated for the firm highlighting financial health quite effectually. Gross profit ratio was 18 % in 2016 which increased to 59 % in next year. This shows that company is able to minimise operational expenses as gross profit is increased. On the other hand, net profit ratio was 14 % in previous year which maximised to 54 % highlighting that firm has good profitability position. ROCE (Return on Capital Employed) is calculated as it was 2 % in 2016 and increased to 8 % in 2017. This shows that firm is adequately utilising assets and generating profits. It is recommended that organization should implement further strategies to reduce costs to maximise profits quite effectually.

TASK 5

P5.1 Categorizing cost as variable, fixed and semi-variable of the company

There are various types of costs which are required to be incurred so that activities may be initiated in a better way. Mainly, fixed, variable and semi-variable costs are incurred in the organization by which firm may be able to achieve tasks quite effectively (Claveria, Monte and Torra, 2015). The table can be used to categorize various costs incurred by Belgravia Hotels in the best possible manner.

Particulars

Amount

Beds in the hotel

600

Selling price (SP)

£40 per head

Wages Expense

£400.00

Miscellaneous Expenses

£40.00

Salary

£80.00

Hotel rent

£1,000.00

Electricity expenditures

£500.00

Telephone expense

£1,000.00

In relation to the above table, costs can be effectively categorized as fixed, variable and semi-variable in effectual manner.

Fixed cost is Hotel rent

Variable costs are Wages Expense, Salary, Miscellaneous Expenses and Selling price (SP)

Semi-variable costs are Electricity expenditures and Telephone expense

P5.2 Calculating per product contributions and explaining relationship between cost/profit and volume

Marginal costing

 

Sales revenue

24000

Less: Variable costs

 

Wages Expense

400

Miscellaneous Expenses

40

Salary

80

 

520

Less: Semi variable costs

 

Electricity expenditures

500

Telephone expense

1000

Contribution

1500

Less: Fixed costs

 

Hotel rent

1000

Net Profit

500

The marginal costing statement is prepared showing expenses made and net profit generated quite effectively. In relation to this, CVP (Cost Volume and Profit) analysis can be attained by calculating break-even point with much ease. Thus, per product contribution is computed below-

P/V (Profit Volume) ratio = Contribution / Sales revenue

= 1500 / 24000

= 0.06 %

P5.3 Use and significance of Break-Even analysis for taking short-term decision

Sales can be found out with the help of break-even point at which firm should attain so that at least losses may not occur. In simpler words, at this point, no profit no loss is achieved by company (Avilova, Ermakov and Gozalova, 2014). However, if it reaches beyond break-even, then losses occur. It can be analysed that break-even sales are at 2500 units and cost amounts to 50. Hence, firm need to produce at least 2500 units to achieve desired sales.

The significance of break-even analysis for making short-term decision is that business is able to determine production level to accomplish sales in the best possible manner. This helps to devise strategies so that adequate production volume may be attained maximising profits.

Our top professional experts of Instant Assignment Help Australia are always online to support university students to score higher grades. Hire Now.

Our Mission is to Offer an Extraordinary Assignment help at Competitive Prices.

We believe in serving our customers with the most reliable assignment help

CONCLUSION

Hereby it can be concluded that finance plays crucial role in the hospitality sector so that daily tasks may be attained in a better way. There are various sources of funds which are required to attain finance. Elements of costs in setting selling prices plays important role. Computation of ratios provides clarity regarding overall financial performance in effective way. Budgetary control is vital for the business so that deviations may be analysed and improvement can be done by taking corrective action quite effectively. Hence, finance is required in the organization for achieving stated objectives.

You May Also Like: Principles of Welfare and Social Care

REFERENCES

  • Avilova, N. L., Ermakov, A. S. and Gozalova, M. R., 2014. An analysis of the international customer attraction experience in the hospitality industry.World Applied Sciences Journal,30(MCTT)), pp.84-86.
  • Claveria, O., Monte, E. and Torra, S., 2015. A new forecasting approach for the hospitality industry.International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management,27(7), pp.1520-1538.
  • Cohen, J. F. and Olsen, K., 2013. The impacts of complementary information technology resources on the service-profit chain and competitive performance of South African hospitality firms.International journal of hospitality management.34.pp.245-254.
  • Denizci Guillet, B. and Mohammed, I., 2015. Revenue management research in hospitality and tourism: A critical review of current literature and suggestions for future research.International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management.27(4). pp.526-560.
Download Full Sample
Cite This Work To export references to this sample, select the desired referencing style below:
Instant Assignment Help. (2021) .L/508/9656. Retrieved from: https://www.instantassignmenthelp.com.au/l5089656-financial-requirement-of-belgravia-hotel
Copy to Clipboard
Copy to Clipboard
Instant Assignment Help (2021) L/508/9656 [Online]. Retrieved from: https://www.instantassignmenthelp.com.au/l5089656-financial-requirement-of-belgravia-hotel
Copy to Clipboard
Instant Assignment Help. L/508/9656 (Instant Assignment Help, 2021)https://www.instantassignmenthelp.com.au/l5089656-financial-requirement-of-belgravia-hotel
Copy to Clipboard
Instant Assignment Help. L/508/9656 [Internet]. Instant Assignment Help.(2021), Retrieved from: https://www.instantassignmenthelp.com.au/l5089656-financial-requirement-of-belgravia-hotel
Copy to Clipboard
Boost Grades & Leave Stress

Share Your Requirements Now for Customized Solutions.

Lowest Price
6

Delivered on-time or your money back

100+ Qualified Writers

For Best Finance Assignment Help

View All Writers
FREE Tools

To Make Your Work Original

  • Plagiarism Checker

    Check your work against plagiarism & get a free Turnitin report!

    Check Plagiarism
  • Reference Generator

    Get citations & references in your document in the desired style!

    Generate References
Don't Miss Our Special Offers
Free Inquiry
IAH AU whatsapp