International human resource management (IHRM) basically focuses on covering the large or wider aspect of the human resource management function. It basically focuses on managing the challenges faced by the manpower in the international marketplace. Along with this, IHRM also manages the certain external factors related with rules and regulations of the government of foreign country (Hendry, 2012). The present report basically focuses on measuring the different culture among the different nations that is JAPAN TOKYO and AUSTRALIA with the help of using hofstede cultural model. Along with this, it also focuses on the gaining insight knowledge regarding the IHRM challenges that is faced within the region.
Contrasting Hofstede culture
In order to manage the international human resource management Hofstede cultural dimension must be applicable within the organization. With the help of using this framework it focuses on describing different cultural and values existing within the society. Along with this it would also focuses on influencing the activities and behavior with the change in different cultural values (Harzing and Pinnington, 2010). The theory is widely used in the different field such as international management, cross cultural communication etc. there are different dimensions of national cultures that mainly include Power distance index, Individualism vs. Collectivism, Uncertainty avoidance index, Masculinity vs. Femininity, Long term orientation vs. Short term orientation and the last dimension is Indulgence vs. restraint. All the dimensions are contrasting with each other that is the foremost dimension is power distance index that clearly showcase the high power and low power. The high power indicates that there is clear hierarchy established in society (CHUANG and Liao, 2010). On the contrary to this, lower power indicates that there is less authority. Another dimension is Individualism vs. Collectivism that mainly emphasis on the aspect of I vs. we. Another dimension is Uncertainty avoidance index that showcase that if society score high then it indicates that there are high level of grounded rule and regulations within the society. On the other hand, low score indicates that there is high acceptance of the differing thoughts within the society. Another include Masculinity vs. Femininity under masculinity society accept for the heroism and assertiveness (Alfes, Shantz, Truss and Soane, 2013). On the other hand, in Femininity it focuses on the feminism society that is caring view as they perceived women are more emphatic. Another dimension includes Long term orientation vs. Short term orientation under this there is low level of index that ensure traditional aspects are taken into the consideration. On the other hand, there is high level it indicates new problem solving method is used.
Contrasting Hofstede culture among different countries that is JAPAN TOKYO and AUSTRALIA
This cultural theory mainly focuses on measuring the different culture values of two nations that are distinct from each other that is JAPAN (TOKYO) AND AUSTRALIA. With the help of this cultural model it has been assessed that as compare to Australia Japan Tokyo has high ratio within the power distance index that clearly showcase that in Japan has more power than the other country (Wright and McMahan, 2011). On the other hand, it has been clearly indicated that Australia has high individualism that is they prefer to be alone or individual as compare we being in the group. Australia score 90 while the Japan scores 46 in the score that ensure collective society in which the individually effectively expressed their opinion and thoughts. On the contrary to this, another dimension within the model is masculinity that indicate Japan has score 95 that indicate masculinity society within the world. On the other hand, Australia scores 61 within the model that indicates less masculine society that clearly indicates working in the group as compare to the individual (Lengnick-Hall, Beck and Lengnick-Hall, 2011). Another dimension within the model is uncertainty avoidance that is how the society would deals with assessing the culture it has been assessed that Japanese is consider as the most uncertain nation that scores 92 that is lower than the Australia. Along with this it is assessed that Japanese market has high risk of uncertainty avoidance that is consider as one of the vital reason that do not engage in any sort of change activities within t