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Inclusive Teaching and Learning Approaches

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Introduction

The inclusive approach to teaching is regarded as an effective way which enables the learners to participate and succeed. Further, it is required for every teacher to gather proper knowledge with regards to different ways of learning and strategies. Moreover, for making learning inclusive it is necessary to consider the learning environment which is capable enough in meeting with the individual learning needs (Zaidi, 2015). It is moral responsibility of the teacher to identify what are the barriers for learners and what are the measures to deal with those barriers. This will further assist in making the students feel involved and supported. Apart from this, different methods are undertaken by teachers in order to enhance motivational level of learners.

Different types of assessment and assignment methods present are through which teachers can provide learning. Other than this, this report covers strengths and limitations of major learning methods.

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Role of inclusive teaching and learning approaches in education and training

Inclusive learning supports in ensuring that all learner are provided with equal opportunities to learn and participate in the process of learning. Along with this, it also promotes fair and equal treatment to all the leaners. Each and every learner in the group is not same but they vary from one another in the form of ability, experience and requirements that can be respected and recognized. Some of the ways through which learners can get involved in the learning process includes use of eye contact, asking questions individually, encouraging group activities, motivating learners, using 70% of the time for activities, providing help along with support to the learners, using name of learners etc. So it can be stated that the above mentioned are some of the effective ways through which learners can be easily involved in the learning process and it directly supports in enhancing their knowledge level along with skills.

There are many ways how to include the learners:

  • Asking individual questions
  • Giving help and support to the learners
  • Using eye contact
  • Using learners’ names
  • Encouraging paired and grouped activities
  • Involve the support systems for the learners with special needs
  • Motivate and praise the learners
  • Using about 70% of the time for activities

Strengths and limitations of teaching and learning approaches in relation to meeting individual learner needs

Different types of teaching styles are present through which teachers can easily deliver their subject to the student. At the time of adopting specific method, a teacher should be well aware of the requirement and overall need of the students (Killen, 2005). Further, it is necessary to provide opportunity to every learner so that they can learn in their preferred style. The strengths and limitations of some teaching methods are provided below as:

Power point presentation: It is regarded as one of the most effective method of teaching. The main strength of this teaching method is that it theory subjects can be easily deleiverd to large number of students. On the other hand, main limitation of using this method is that students can easily lose their attention which can crates barriers in their entire process of learning. Therefore, these are some of the strengths along with limitations of using power point presentation and every teacher is required to take care of the strengths and limitations before adapting this method. (Huddleston and Unwin, 2002).

Group work: Some of the major advantage of using group work is that it promotes discussion, gains confidence of students, helps in involving all the students and assists in generating ideas. On the other hand, main limitations of this method is that it becomes very easy for shy learners to hide in a group which further affects thier entire process of learning.

Questions and answers: Main strength of applying this method is that all the learners can be easily involved; it helps in making the learners attentive, good method for challenging the learners. Apart from this, main limitations of this method are that some of the less confident learners may avoid from being asked and the questions can be ambiguous (Kuhlke, Schramme and Kooyman, 2015).

Demonstration: Main strengths of applying this method are that learners can easily see their final results. Further, it is more suitable for the tasks which are practical. On the other hand, main limitations of this method are that it is not possible for all the learners to see clearly and it can also take too long.

Practical tasks: Such type of learning process includes active learning which is one of its major strengths. In addition to this, such type of learning is more suitable for smaller groups. On the other hand, the teachers are required to provide clear guidelines to students which is considered as one of the major drawback of this method. (Grootings, 2005).

Why it is important to create an inclusive teaching and learning environment

There are many barriers to inclusion of learning environment. Teachers are required to create a learning environment which is conductive to learning.
Both learners and teachers are required to use the ground rules in order to make learning environment inclusive.

There might be learners with physical disability like wheel chair users who will need easy access to their classroom. For such learners appropriate help will be required if the lesson is held in classroom on ground floor and the layout of the tables is also required to convenient for learning. Along with this appropriate layout of tables is very important for the inclusivity of the learning environment. The teacher should have an easy access to all the

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