Planet earth is covered with 70% of water yet only 3% is drinkable. The rest is in the form of glaciers and oceans. The oceans are not only water bodies but also home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. Moreover, the beds of oceans are rich in rare minerals. Are you curious to know more about these blue-green water bodies? If yes, then read this blog till the end and sate your curiosity.
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The phytoplanktons, single-celled organisms that live on the surface of oceans and are also known as the oxygen suppliers of the earth. The reason behind this is that these tiny organisms use energy to convert carbon dioxide into organic compounds which forms a new plant material. They survive on two things majorly, that is sunlight and nutrients from oceans, and with these they perform photosynthesis. One of the major outputs of this process is oxygen. Thanks to the population of phytoplanktons, they contribute to meeting the needs of the earth by providing half of the amount of total oxygen on the Earth.
Home to rich flora and fauna
This may sound surprising, but more than 95% of the living creatures belong to the oceans. Oceans are home to several unique phyla of marine fungi, blue-green algae, bacteria, and some unique and fascinating marine animals and their population is far more than the terrestrial animals.
It has been found out in a research that when a whale dies, it falls into the bathyal zone which is more than 1,000 meters below the surface of the ocean. The remains act as the basis of sustenance for animals like prawns, shrimps, lobsters, crabs, and other deep-sea organisms for decades.
Point Nemo is situated at 48°52.6′South, 123°23.6′ West and is the farthest point on earth. It is more than 1,000 miles away from the nearest land and is also known as “oceanic pole of inaccessibility.”
Longest mountain range
The longest mountain chain is approximately 40389 miles and is known as Mid-Ocean Ridge. The movement of Earth’s tectonic plates are responsible for the formation of these mountain chains and valleys. Also, 90% of this astonishing mountain range is under water and some even have individual volcanoes which erupt rarely.
These were a few facts related to oceans. Well, there are many more interesting facts about these amazing water bodies, and we have left the rest for you to discover. If you liked reading this blog, then keep a close watch on our blog section.
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